We are therefore cautiously optimistic that the overall situation may improve substantially in the years ahead—especially since the country is in such need of laborers.In the meantime, the continued presence of the refugees remains a polarizing topic in Germany. This dynamic is clear in the increased popularity of nationalist parties, such as France’s “Front National” or the Dutch “Party for Freedom” (PVV).
The country’s political system is under growing pressure from ethnonationalist movements that exploit the refugee inflow for political mobilization. Conflicts between member states over asylum laws and quota systems for the distribution of refugees have decreased solidarity, and further polarized a European Union already strained by events like the sovereign debt crisis. It’s critical that government authorities, companies, and universities all expedite their integration efforts and remove any remaining barriers to integrate the refugees as full-fledged participants in the German economy and society as soon as possible.However, focusing primarily on such problems ignores the fact that the integration of so many refugees from different cultural and religious backgrounds without German language abilities or transferable skills simply does not happen overnight, especially in a society like Germany’s, which lacks a long tradition as an immigration country. The comparatively low-skilled refugee population in Germany hardly fits the profile of skilled immigrants recruited through such immigration programs. Given these prohibitive structural conditions, integration is, in fact, proceeding remarkably well.Given that formal academic qualifications and German language abilities are a vital necessity for access to higher-skilled jobs and entry into vocational training programs, it’s crucial that refugees participate in education to the fullest extent possible.If we define integration as the chance to pursue dignified participation in the core aspects of life in a host country, the gainful employment of refugees is perhaps the most important factor for their successful integration into German society. Here are 10 fast facts about the current situation: Germany welcomed beyond one million refugees in 2015, 430,000 of whom escaped the grave humanitarian disaster in Syria. In light of these barriers, access to higher education is important for the long-term social advancement of sizeable numbers of refugees, especially since more than half of the current asylum seekers are below the age of 25.Stefan Trines, Research Editor, World Education News & ReviewsThe refugee crisis has given rise to an increasingly polarized political debate in Germany that often tends to focus on negative aspects, such as costs, social problems and security concerns, while underemphasizing the potential long-term benefits the influx of the refugees could generate for German society.The IMF’s 2016 assessment called for further policy actions “to promote a successful labor market integration of refugees,” and enhanced “measures to allow recognition of informally acquired skills and facilitate more flexible forms of vocational training, with a strong on-the-job component and intensive language teaching.”As in most countries, licensure requirements for professional vocations in Germany are relatively inflexible A robust qualifications recognition process is thus vital for skilled refugees seeking placement on the German job market.The upshot is that, Germany’s extensive support for refugees is both a remarkable humanitarian gesture, and an example of economic pragmatism. The right to asylum is codified in article 16a of the German Basic Law. The rising strength of these parties has turned national elections in many European countries into nail biters for the pro-European political establishment, and made it increasingly difficult to ignore calls for popular referendums on EU membership.Hegyeshalom, Hungary – October 6, 2015: Group of refugees leaving Hungary on their way to Germany. Berlin (CNN) Nearly four years after almost 1 million refugees were welcomed into the country, Germany has quietly been closing the window on asylum applications and ramping up deportations. The successful Brexit campaign in Great Britain last spring demonstrated the potency of immigration as a topic for political mobilization when weighed against more abstract arguments for long-term economic benefits.During the chaotic first year of the current refugee crisis, it was difficult to obtain reliable demographic information on new arrivals. The lack of German language proficiency and other hurdles, however, deter refugee enrollment at public universities. Once the situation stabilized and first data had been collected, it became clear that language skills and lack of educational attainment were among the chief barriers to workforce integration. Germany continues to receive the highest number of asylum applications in the European Union (although smaller countries like Sweden host more refugees as a percentage of the total population).The shortage of skilled labor in Germany has already become so acute that its economy could not have performed so strongly in recent years without the inflow of large numbers of labor migrants, mainly from other EU countries.Countries like Canada seek to address their labor shortages by importing highly skilled immigrants from around the world.